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The project is co-financed by LIFE+, the EU's financial instrument
supporting environmental and nature conservation projects

LIFE

Innovative Aspect & Added Value

Below, you can find information about the state of the art and the EU added value of the project.
Power plants for residual biomass energy utilisation are usually installed in the close vicinity of industries where biomass wastes are produced. The option of collecting agricultural residues produced locally in rural areas and utilise them in a decentralised CHP is a unique approach that has the potential to provide significant fossil fuel substitution and energy independence. The concept of SMARt CHP combines two well established technologies, biomass gasification and gas engine power generation, to produce an innovative mobile unit, capable of operating at different locations producing heat and power with high thermodynamic efficiency.

Biomass thermal utilization takes place in a fluidised bed reactor, where a gaseous fuel (producer gas) is produced. The gasifier is coupled to a gas engine that is appropriately modified and optimised in order to operate with the low energy content gas of the gasifier. Gas cooling is necessary prior to feeding the gas engine. An innovative aspect of the project is the utilisation of the producer gas heat content, to dry the incoming agro-residue in the required moisture content. By restoring the heat energy content and using it as drying energy, SMARt CHP unit becomes a fuel flexible unit able of utilising various biomass species.

The added value of this study is that it develops a number of conditions for bioenergy production and promotion at EU level contributing to regional development, agricultural activities reinforcement, environmental preservation and energy self-dependency being consistent with EU policies and objectives.

Through the implementation of Action Plans, Protocols and Common Decisions the EU aims at increasing biomass for primary energy use, meeting RES utilization targets, reducing at the same time greenhouse gas emissions. SMARt CHP contribution is twofold since it promotes bioenergy usage in a sustainable way and it helps towards preserving the environment.

Decentralized electricity production is likely to play an important role in future energy supply. Facilities utilizing indigenous renewable sources and designed to supply local communities and decentralized energy users are in the forefront of EU energy and environmental policies. Especially small-scale biomass installations, producing electrical and thermal power appear to be among the most promising technologies for decentralized energy generation. SMARt CHP being an integrated flexible technology has the potential of successful penetration in the electricity production market, promoting regional development and enhancing agricultural sector reinforcement.

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